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Starch Granule Evidence for the Presence of Chuño at the Middle Horizon (A.D. 600-1000) Site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, Peru Public Deposited

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Chuño is created by subjecting Solanum subspecies or other tubers to a process of freeze-drying that reduces their weight and renders them highly storable. Despite the importance of chuño within traditional Andean foodways, we know strikingly little regarding the antiquity of the freeze-drying practice used to create potato chuño. In this study, we present starch granule evidence for the presence of chuño on ceramic and lithic artifacts from the Middle Horizon (A.D. 600–1000) site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, a Wari-affiliated outpost in the Sihuas Valley, Peru. We argue that damage patterns on the archaeologically recovered starch granules are consistent with expectations for chuño. This research has the potential to impact investigations into the domestication and use of potatoes by early Andean communities and other communities around the world who have incorporated potatoes into their foodways.

Matthew Biwer is a visiting professor of Anthropology and Archaeology at Dickinson College.

Biwer, Matthew E., and Mallory A. Melton. "Starch Granule Evidence for the Presence of Chuño at the Middle Horizon (A.D. 600-1000) Site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, Peru." Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 45 (2022): e103604.  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352409X2200267X

For more information on the published version, visit Science Direct's Website.  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352409X2200267X


MLA citation style

Melton, Mallory A. , and Biwer, Matthew E. Starch Granule Evidence for the Presence of Chuño At the Middle Horizon (a.d. 600-1000) Site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, Peru. . 2022. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/e6c6ddc8-3197-4d0e-abb6-fb40d79a29e9?locale=en

APA citation style

Melton, Mallory A., & Biwer, Matthew E. (2022). Starch Granule Evidence for the Presence of Chuño at the Middle Horizon (A.D. 600-1000) Site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, Peru. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/e6c6ddc8-3197-4d0e-abb6-fb40d79a29e9?locale=en

Chicago citation style

Melton, Mallory A. , and Biwer, Matthew E.. Starch Granule Evidence for the Presence of Chuño At the Middle Horizon (a.d. 600-1000) Site of Quilcapampa La Antigua, Peru. 2022. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/e6c6ddc8-3197-4d0e-abb6-fb40d79a29e9?locale=en

Note: These citations are programmatically generated and may be incomplete.

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