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Latitudinal Influences on Bryozoan Calcification Through the Paleozoic Public Deposited

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Reid, Catherine M., Patrick N. Wyse Jackson, and Marcus M. Key, Jr. "Latitudinal Influences on Bryozoan Calcification Through the Paleozoic." Paleobiology (Article published online September 2, 2022).  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/paleobiology/article/latitudinal-influences-on-bryozoan-calcification-through-the-paleozoic/60158341A4BC0545C3802714D06097E1#

For more information on the published version, visit Cambridge University Press's Website.  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/paleobiology/article/latitudinal-influences-on-bryozoan-calcification-through-the-paleozoic/60158341A4BC0545C3802714D06097E1

Marcus Key is a professor of Earth Sciences at Dickinson College.

Bryozoans are active non-phototrophic biomineralizers that precipitate their calcareous skeletons in seawater. Carbonate saturation states varied temporally and spatially in Paleozoic oceans, and we used the Bryozoan Skeletal Index (BSI) to investigate whether bryozoan calcification was controlled by seawater chemistry in Paleozoic trepostome and cryptostome bryozoans. Our results show that cryptostome bryozoan genera were influenced by ocean chemistry throughout the Paleozoic and precipitated the most calcite at lower latitudes, where carbonate saturation states are generally higher, and less in midlatitudes, where carbonate will be relatively undersaturated. Trepostome bryozoan genera show a similar but weaker trend for the Ordovician to Devonian, suggesting that, like the cryptostomes, they were unable to metabolically overcome falling saturation states and simply precipitated less robust skeletons at higher latitudes. Carboniferous to Triassic trepostomes differ, however, and show a trend toward increased calcification at higher latitudes, indicating an ability to overcome unfavorable carbonate saturation states. Analysis of Permian trepostomes at the species level indicates this is most pronounced in the Southern Hemisphere, where calcification is matched by increased feeding capacity. It is proposed that this increased feeding capacity allowed trepostomes to metabolically overcome unfavorable carbonate saturation states. The differing responses of trepostome and cryptostome bryozoans to carbonate saturation states suggest that bryozoans should not be considered as a single group in marine extinctions linked to ocean chemistry changes. Likewise, it would suggest that modern stenolaemate and gymnolaemate bryozoans should be treated separately when considering their response to modern ocean chemistry changes.

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Paleontological Society


MLA citation style

Wyse Jackson, Patrick N, Key, Jr., Marcus M, and Reid, Catherine M. Latitudinal Influences On Bryozoan Calcification Through the Paleozoic. . 2022. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/85a274f8-4598-4b2d-b693-d1107a0587dc?locale=en

APA citation style

Wyse Jackson, Patrick N, Key, Jr., Marcus M, & Reid, Catherine M. (2022). Latitudinal Influences on Bryozoan Calcification Through the Paleozoic. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/85a274f8-4598-4b2d-b693-d1107a0587dc?locale=en

Chicago citation style

Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., Key, Jr., Marcus M., and Reid, Catherine M.. Latitudinal Influences On Bryozoan Calcification Through the Paleozoic. 2022. https://dickinson.hykucommons.org/concern/generic_works/85a274f8-4598-4b2d-b693-d1107a0587dc?locale=en

Note: These citations are programmatically generated and may be incomplete.

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